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  1. American Exceptionalism and Human Rights
  2. Bard College Events
  3. American Exceptionalism and Human Rights
  4. American exceptionalism

We have no princes for whom we toil, starve, and bleed; we are the most perfect society now existing in the world.

Democracy in America. New York: Alfred A. Knopf, Since its publication in the midth century, Democracy in America has provided readers with an authoritative framework of intelligibility with which to interpret what renders American democracy exceptional. Du Bois, W. Black Reconstruction in America. Luce, Henry. Myrdal, Gunnar. Representing such racism as an atavism, Myrdal argues that American liberalism is destined to overcome this moral dilemma. Niebuhr, Reinhold. The Irony of American History. In this monograph composed at the outset of the Cold War, Reinhold Niebuhr offers a fallibilist interpretation of American exceptionalism to fault the competing ideologies of communism and liberal democracy as comparable expressions of an overly optimistic view of human nature.

To counter them, Niebuhr proposes that Americans must struggle to achieve justice in the face of the knowledge that absolute justice is impossible. New York Morning News 27 December John L.

American Exceptionalism and Human Rights

Sombart, Werner. White Plains, NY: M. Sharpe, DOI: Turner, Frederick Jackson. Edited by the American Historical Association, — The frontier experience was definitive, Turner argues, because American democracy was animated by the power of the frontier line exerted to liberate American pioneers from European manners and customs. Winthrop, John. The idea that America is fundamentally distinct from other nations has dominated American culture since the 18th century. The theological, philosophical, geographical, cultural, and political assumptions embedded in this notion have solicited descriptions from a wide range of cultural, political, and disciplinary perspectives.

Adams, David, and Cornelius van Minnen. Reflections on American Exceptionalism. Staffordshire, UK: Ryburn, This volume gathers the proceedings of the European Historians of the United States conference. Bacevich, Andrew, ed. American Exceptionalisms: From Winthrop to Winfrey. In this selection, North American and European American studies scholars trace the rhetoric of exceptionalism through a variety of artifacts drawn from religious, political, and popular culture. Dunn, Charles W. The volume gathers position papers by scholars involved in intense debates on the cultural, economic, political, and social implications of American exceptionalism.

While some of the contributors describe the policies and ideology of American exceptionalism as antiquated, others reaffirm the exceptional purpose and prospects of the United States. In his integrating essay, the editor, Charles Dunn, maps out the origins, history, and future of American exceptionalism in the 21st century. Edwards, Jason A. Jefferson, NC: McFarland, This volume of critical essays explores rhetorical iterations of changing notions of American Exceptionalism across a range of cultural contexts, including religion, economics, presidential politics, sports, journalism, foreign policy, and American history.

Ignatieff, Michael, ed. American Exceptionalism and Human Rights. Kaplan, Amy, and Donald E. Cultures of US Imperialism. This collection begins with essays on 15th-century Mexico and Cortez and covers a breadth of issues about postcolonial America up through the Gulf War. The editors interconnect domestic racial issues with broader foreign policies to provide the basis for critiquing the imperialistic tendencies of American exceptionalism previously hidden from histories underpinned by Cold War ideologies.

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  2. American Artists On Art: From 1940 To 1980.
  3. Part II. Explaining Exceptionalism.
  4. Human Rights and the Negotiation of American Power | Glenn Mitoma;

New York: W. Norton, Roberts, Timothy, and Lindsay DiCuirci, eds. This compilation of primary sources on the subject of American exceptionalism includes pamphlets, sermons, and newspaper and magazine articles from the colonial period to Shafer, Byron, ed. Is America Different? A New Look at American Exceptionalism. Oxford: Oxford University Press, Shafer collects a selection of papers from scholars in history, politics, economics, and sociology.

The contributors who acknowledge the many distinctions between the United States and other nations question whether such differences constitute a case for exceptionalism. The architects and agents responsible for the construction and revision of US foreign policy have treated the credo of American exceptionalism as crucial to this enterprise. Polk declared war on Mexico in McKenna summarizes the findings of a cohort of like-minded foreign policy scholars—as presented in Davis and Lynn-Jones , Noll , and Kane —who designate the colonial settler mentality from the Puritan era as the seedbed of both the exemplarist and expansionist strains of US foreign policy.

The antagonism between these national self-representations became glaringly evident when the United States entered into a series of international wars from to the 21st century. Ceasar, James W. Ceaser isolates the sense of mission as the distinguishing trait of American exceptionalism.

Dallek, Robert. New York: Oxford University Press, Dallek argues that unresolved political and social domestic problems have figured importantly in the shaping of American foreign policy in each of the significant periods in US history—from the expansionism of the Spanish-American War and the American entrance into World War I, to American-Soviet relations during World War II, the Cold War period that followed, and American involvement in Korea and Vietnam.

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Davis, R. Tami, and Sean M. Davis and Lynn-Jones claim that because Americans lack a common ethnic or linguistic heritage, they construct an attitude toward other nations structured in the belief that America occupies a higher moral plane than other countries. Drinnon, Richard.

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American Exceptionalism and Human Rights

Minneapolis: University of Minnesota Press, Drinnon tracks the interrelationship of racism with colonialism from the massacre of the Pequots to the horrors in My Lai and discerns similarities between the slaughter of bison on the Great Plains and the scorched-earth policy in Vietnam, showing how Indian-hating became a national pastime. Hietala, Thomas.

Manifest Design: American Exceptionalism and Empire. After analyzing the complex factors behind the policies that took place under the aegis of manifest destiny, Hietala argues that these policies were motivated by territorial and commercial greed rather than pioneer adventures or foreign threats. Hunt, Michael H. Ideology and U. Foreign Policy. Kane, John.

McKenna, George. The Puritan Origins of American Patriotism. Noll, Mark. One Nation under God?

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  • Christian Faith and Political Action in America. San Francisco: Harper and Row, Stephanson, Anders. New York: Hill and Wang, Tuveson, Ernest Lee. Chicago: University of Chicago Press, Tuveson persuasively demonstrates that the idea of the redemptive mission motivating the US foreign policy coincides with the mythological foundations of the republic. He traces the development of this figure of the nation as a millenarian ideal from its Puritan beginnings through successive stages of American history.

    Wood, Gordon. New York: Penguin, President James K. Potter designates the contestations over whether the territory ceded by Mexico in the Treaty of Guadalupe would be slave or non-slave as a causal agent for the Civil War. Diggins recalls that Abraham Lincoln, along with Robert E. Lee, Ulysses S. Grant, and other soldiers and politicians destined to play leading roles in the Civil War, launched his career in the US-Mexico War.

    Noam Chomsky on American Exceptionalism

    Baptist, Edward. New York: Basic Books, Baptist takes issue with the assumption that slavery was an inherently inefficient economic institution to argue that slavery was an inextricable aspect of earlyth-century transnational capitalism. Blum, Edward J. Davis, David Brion. Davis celebrates the age of emancipation as a benchmark of willed moral courage.

    American exceptionalism

    Exploring how the Haitian Revolution once haunted the antislavery debates, Davis analyzes the significance of the project to move freed slaves back to Africa and the importance of freed slaves to abolition. Diggins, John Patrick. Greenberg, Amy. Invasion of Mexico. Horsman, Reginald. Horsman argues that the racial ideology of US Anglo-Saxonism originated during the English reformation and was influenced by Enlightenment ideas.

    He proceeds to show how Americans used their belief in the racial inferiority of blacks, Native Americans, and Mexicans to justify slavery and Indian removal as well as the war with Mexico. Horton, James Olive, and Lois E. Slavery and the Making of America. The Hortons focus in particular on the slaves who had been military leaders in Africa and whose ability to mount successful slave rebellions utterly terrified Southern slave owners.

    Johannsen, Robert W. Drawing on military dispatches, newspaper accounts, and local histories, Johannsen examines the place of the Mexican War in the popular imagination of the era. McPherson, James M. Potter, David M.